conflicts of interest

Pakistan journal of urology  on Based of  2003 Council of Publication Ethics' Guidelines on Good Publishing Practice, "A conflict of interest may in fact be recognized when authors, reviewers, or editors have interests not fully apparent and which may influence their judgments on what is published." They have been described as those which, if revealed later, would make the reasonable reader feel as though he or she had been misled, in other words, deceived.

Authors of articles in this journal will be professionals, researchers, or academics, and many of them might be considered to have potential conflicts of interest that might interfere with their work. Thus, the journal requires a written declaration of potential conflicts of interest that might be included in the paginated published work.

Any relationships, allegiances, or hostility with/to specific parties, organizations, or interests that could have the potential to unduly influence one's decisions or actions create a possible conflict of interest. The situation becomes more delicate if these interests are personal and/or capable of deriving financial advantage from them.