Outcome of radical cystectomy in remote area of Pakistan: Recep Tayyip Erdogan Hospital, Muzaffargarh (IHHN)
Background: Radical cystectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy is the standard treatment for high grade/ muscle invasive urinary bladder tumor. Continent or incontinent urinary diversion is the part of this major operation. High volume centers perform routinely but low volume centers do less frequent. It might be because of availability of equipment and trained surgeon in remote area of Pakistan.
Objectives: to assess the results of radical cystectomy at a low-volume center for high-grade muscle-invasive bladder tumours. For patients aged 50 to 75, this involves evaluating surgical complications, overall survival, and the absence of tumour recurrence throughout a one-year follow-up period.
Study design: A Retrospective Study
Duration and place of study: Recep Tayyip Erdogan hospital, Muzaffargarh from October 2018 to August 2022 Methods: total Cases from both genders and 50 to 75 years old with High grade/ Muscle invasive urinary bladder carcinoma, incomplete resection during TURBT due to high volume of mass (irresistible) included. Performa designed for collection of information. All the patients underwent same procedure by same urologist. Patients were followed for one year after surgery.
Results: All participants were followed for one year. 33.3% patients had paralytic ileus (CDC I), 13.3% had wound infection (CDC I) and 6.7% had urinary leakage (CDC IIIb). There was 86.6% overall survival rate. 6.7% lost to follow up. Mean operative time was 308 ±95 minutes. There was no recurrence noted throughout the study period.
Conclusion: Good operative results can also achieve at low volume centers. High level of surveillance and expertise help to achieve better outcomes in remote.
Keywords: cystectomy, radical cystectomy, bladder tumor, ileal conduit