Prevalence Of Metabolic Disorders In Paediatric Age Group with Renal Stone Diseases.

Original Article


  • Zafar Ahmad Khan
  • Rahmat ali khan
  • Azra A Ghani
  • Muhammad Asif


Background: inflammation of the urinary tract and prostatic disease is urolithiasis. The causes are numerous , with metabolic diseases , individual life style and environmental factors all playing a part. In pediatric populations , the prevalence of nephrolithiasis is very low; however, some evidence suggests that children are increasingly likely to get this disease. Kidney stone diseases are becoming more frequent among young people, and although the absolute figure remains smaller than in adults , this complex situation however it is should be stressed that factor consists of metabolic disorders such as hypocitraturia, hypercalciuria, and hyperoxaluria. The process of stone production is subject to several factors , for example genetic predisposition , familial background and dietary habits. A commonly employed approach in the prompt identification and treatment of kidney stones involves implementing a comprehensive strategy that tackles both the stones themselves as well as their underlying metabolic problems. It is still necessary to keep on doing research in the area of Pediatric Urology. Only by continuing to do this work will our understanding be deepened and our treatment methods refined in the dynamic world of modern medical science.

Objectives: To find out the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in young children with urolithiasis .

Study design: A Retrospective Study

Place and duration of the study : Department  Of Urology  Main Gul Jehanzeb Hospital Swat In Pakistan  From January 2018 To January 2019.

Methods: From April 2018 to August 2019, the Department  Of Urology  Main Gul Jehanzeb Hospital Swat carried out a retrospective study. The retrospective study was aimed at analyzing the medical records of 59 patients under the age of 15-year-old with renal stone disease living in this region. Basic details such as age, sex, body mass index (BMI),creatinine levels, serum calcium, serum phosphate, serum uric acid levels, 24-hour urine volume, urinary sodium potassium and chloride content were all obtained and analyzed carefully. The identifications of metabolic diseases were carried out according to recognized laboratory standards. Data processing was performed using SPSS version 22.

Results: A total of fifty-nine people ranging from age 8 to 15 years old underwent this study. Of these 25 (42.4%) were female and 34 (57.6%) were male. The mean BMI which the patients exhibited was 16.68 kg/m2. However according to the investigation results, 32 patients (54.2%) had metabolic abnormalities associated with renal stone disease. Hyperuricemia (22%), hypercalciuria (25.4%) and hypokalemia (40.7%) were the three most common diseases identified. Hyperphosphaturia (1.7%), hypocitraturia (1.7%), hyperoxaluria (3%), low urine volume (6.8%) were also found among other types of metabolic abnormalities discovered.

Conclusion: According to this study, a large number of children (54.2%) with stone disease in the kidney also had associated metabolic disorders. Hypokalemia was the most common metabolic abnormality in children (40.7%), followed by hypercalciuria (25.4%) and hyperuricemia (22%). These results suggest that children with stone disease in the kidney should be carefully examined for metabolic defects. Primary and secondary prevention methods must be explored in future in order to reduce the occurrence of these problems.

Keywords: children with metabolic disorders, kidney stones, hypercalciuria, hypokalemia, and hyperuricemia are frequently seen




How to Cite

Khan, Z. A., ali khan, R., A Ghani, A., & Asif, M. (2023). Prevalence Of Metabolic Disorders In Paediatric Age Group with Renal Stone Diseases.: Original Article . Pakistan Journal of Urology (PJU), 1(01), 16–20. Retrieved from